What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a condition in which there is enhanced bone fragility and an increased fracture risk. Risk factors including increasing age, female gender, family history, smoking, and low dietary calcium. Some medical conditions and medications may also increase the risk. Xrays are unable to distinguish osteoporosis until bone loss has reached approximately 30 percent. If your doctor is suspicious for osteoporosis, a DEXA scan may be ordered to measure bone density.